The most favourable edible plant of the world is Potato, the people of all age group living in different part of the world like it. It is a delicious as well as nutritive food item.lt is rich in carbohydrate, fibres, calcium and vitamins and it is one of the cheapest source of energy for the animals. The vegetable Solenum luberosum (potato)is lack of fat, Cholesterol and releasing very slow calories recommended it as a healthy food for the people.
The farmers of Ramgarh produces abundant quantity and good quality of Solenum luberosumand supply it to the markets of different cities of country through roads and rails.Ramgarh’s potato is considered to be one of the best quality in its kind,the people like it and they specially demand as Ramgarhia aloo for it. The farmers get sound earning after sale the potato throughout the year.
The vegetable pest Epilachna vigintioctopunctata Febricius, is a serious pest of cucurbitaceous family rarely found on solanaceous plant. The larvae and the adult of this pest damage the aerial and green part of crop. The vegetable Solenum luberosum is a modified stem developing underground as bulb so infestation was not serious, sometimes 10% to 20% of the aerial shoot of the crop of the field destructed by the pest. The pest damage the crop in such a way that the size of tuber were small, their shape, number of tuber and the total production declined. It also damaged the marketing of the crop.
The life cycle was studied during the year 2018 -2020 at Ramgarh .During the study it was found that the life-cycle of pest was very simple generally it was completed 07 to 08 overlapping generations between Februarys to November of theyear. In winter season the pest get in hibernating phase of life in the cracks and crevices or in the soil. The pest damage the cultivated vegetable plants and loss not only the quality, quantity, and taste of the vegetables but also the profit of the farmers.
Ramgarh is a beautiful district town, the rural area is known for agriculture and gross vegetable production, the climatic condition is moderate and suitable for vegetable production. The farmers are advised to control the pest by spraying the chemical pesticides carbaryl 0.2%, Malathion0.05%, or diazinon 0.02%.