Chaterghat pond, Chakand and Lakshmipur Pond, Chakand (both from Gaya District) were explored with regard to Periphyton community structure. Species diversity (H) was calculated for both the ponds by using Shannon-Weaver’s equation and found to be more or less same, 2.52283 and 2.66388 respectively. Greater stress of competition for space and resources was observed in Chaterghat Pond, Chakand (J=0.75945) as compared to Laxmipur Pond, Chakand (J=0.88796). Index of dominance (C) and other measure of diversity (D), calculated as D = 1-C, corroborated the above conclusion. Cylindrocapsa sp. amongst the algae was abundant in acidic condition while Rivularia sp. was predominant in neutral condition.